If you’re looking for a rough and tough yet timeless flooring option—look no further! Natural and manufactured stone flooring is the ideal choice for so many flooring applications—from kitchens and bathrooms to outdoor walkways, pools and more. Simply put—stone floors offer unmatched beauty and elegance to any space!
Stone flooring is available in a range of colors, presented in an array of soothing styles and textures. When comparing types of stone tile, it is vital to consider your tile’s unique color, style and finish. Read on to learn more about the wide variety of stone flooring colors, styles, textures and finishes:
The natural, organic appeal of stone flooring’s soothing earthy tones, are sure to create a sleek yet striking look in any space. However, it is important to note that by their very nature, stone flooring tends to vary in appearance, therefore variation in shade and color is to be expected.
Stone flooring is available in a wide variety of organic colors, textures and patterns. A few of the more popular stone flooring styles include: flagstone, granite, limestone, marble, sandstone, slate and travertine.
Flagstone: a sedimentary rock that has been cut into layers. Flagstone is ideal for a variety of outdoor applications, including patios, pools, outdoor showers, walkways and more.
Granite: made up of quartz, feldspar and mica, granite is well-known as one of the hardest and densest rocks on earth—second only to the diamond. Granite is often completed with a flamed finish to create a slip-resistant texture, ideal for kitchens, bathrooms and more.
Limestone: formed from sedimentary materials such as pieces of coral or shells. Limestone is well-known for its natural, earthy appearance, and tends to have small variations in color from tile to tile, even when cut from the same slab.
Marble: a crystalized limestone, available in a varying array of colors and styles due to the stone’s unique veining. While marble is an uncontested, sophisticated flooring choice, it is easily scratched and therefore less than ideal for a number of high traffic areas.
Sandstone: a rough-textured sedimentary stone, primarily composed of loose grains of quartz sand, and available in a wide range of texture and color variations.
Slate: a classic, rustic stone tile, often found in dark grey, medium green and soft red. Slate is highly versatile, and available in a variety of striking, irregular shapes and geometric patterns.
Travertine: a crystalized, partially metamorphosed form of limestone which is often mistaken for marble.
It is also worth noting that there are thousands of natural stone variations, in addition to these types of stone, based on where the stone itself was quarried.
Variations in a stone’s finish produce a wide variety of looks—from the typical polished and honed finishes, to more distinctive finishes, such as acid-washed, brushed stone and tumbled.
Acid-Washed Finish: a shiny finish with small etching marks, which creates an antique, rustic look. The most common stones found with acid-wash finishes include marble and limestone, however acid-washed finishes are often used to soften the shine of granite as well.
Brushed Stone Finish: a finish with a naturally-worn look, achieved by repeated brushing of a stone’s surface over time.
Flamed Finish: a rough, unrefined texture achieved by repeated heating and rapid cooling of a stone’s surface under extreme conditions. Granite is commonly finished with a flamed finish, as the finish’s rapid heating and cooling process creates a slip resistant surface commonly used in shower areas or around pools.
Honed Finish: a matte or satin finish, ideal for a softer, informal look. Stone tile with a honed finish tend to show fewer scratches and require very little maintenance. Limestone, marble and slate are ideal candidates for this type of finish.
Polished Finish: offers a beautiful glossy sheen with a mirror-like shine due to the natural reflection of the stone’s crystals. Granite, limestone and marble typically utilize this finish.
Saw-Cut Finish: a matte finish akin to the honed stone finish. After the initial cutting stage, a saw-cut stone is only processed to remove the heaviest saw marks.
Split-Faced Finish: a finish with a rough, less-abrasive texture than a flamed finish, achieved by hand cutting and chiseling to expose the natural cleft of a stone. This finishing technique is quite a common find with slate tiles.
Tumbled Finish: a smooth, slightly-pitted finish with rounded edges, achieved by “tumbling” stone in a machine. Marble and limestone are commonly finished with a tumbled finish.
Looking for more advice on stone flooring styles? Visit your local Flooring Professional for more advice on stone flooring styles, textures, installation and more!